Now showing items 210-229 of 584

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      Generalization From Newly Learned Words Reveals Structural Properties of the Human Reading System 

      Armstrong, Blair C.; Dumay, Nicolas; Kim, Woojae; Pitt, Mark A. (Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2017)
      Connectionist accounts of quasiregular domains, such as spelling–sound correspondences in English, represent exception words (e.g., pint) amid regular words (e.g., mint) via a graded “warping” mechanism. Warping allows ...
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      Genetic association study of dyslexia and ADHD candidate genes in a Spanish cohort: Implications of comorbid samples 

      Sánchez-Morán, Mirian; Hernández, Juan Andrés; Duñabeitia, Jon Andoni; Estévez, Adelina; Bárcena, Laura; González-Lahera, Aintzane; Bajo, Maria Teresa; Fuentes, Luis J.; Aransay Bañares, Ana María; Carreiras, Manuel (PLOS ONE, 2018)
      Dyslexia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are two complex neuro-behaviorally disorders that co-occur more often than expected, so that reading disability has been linked to inattention symptoms. We ...
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      Genome-wide analyses of individual differences in quantitatively assessed reading- and language-related skills in up to 34,000 people 

      Eising, Else; Mirza-Schreiber, Nazanin; de Zeeuw, Eveline L.; Wang, Carol A.; Truong, Dongnhu T.; Allegrin, Andrea G.; Shapland, Chin Yang; Zhu, Gu; Wigg, Karen G.; Gerritse, Margot L.; Molz, Barbara; Alagöz, Gökberk; Gialluisi, Alessandro; Abbondanza, Filippo; Rimfeld, Kaili; van Donkelaar, Marjolein; Liao, Zhijie; Jansen, Philip R.; Andlauer, Till F. M.; Bates, Timothy C.; Bernard, Manon; Blokland, Kirsten; Bonte, Milene; Børglum, Anders D.; Bourgeron, Thomas; Brandeis, Daniel; Ceroni, Fabiola; Csépe, Valéria; Dale, Philip S.; de Jong, Peter F.; DeFries, John C.; Démonet, Jean-Franc¸ois; Demontis, Ditte; Feng, Yu; Gordon, Scott D.; Guger, Sharon L.; Hayiou-Thomas, Marianna E.; Hernández-Cabrera, Juan A.; Hottenga, Jouke-Jan; Hulme, Charles; Kere, Juha; Kerr, Elizabeth N.; Koomar, Tanner; Landerlz, Karin; Leonard, Gabriel T.; Lovett, Maureen W.; Lyytinen, Heikki; Martin, Nicholas G.; Martinelli, Angela; Maurer, Urs; Michaelson, Jacob J.; Moll, Kristina; Monaco, Anthony P.; Morgan, Angela T.; Nöthen, Markus M.; Pausova, Zdenka; Pennell, Craig E.; Pennington, Bruce F.; Price, Kaitlyn M.; Rajagopal, Veera M.; Ramus, Franck; Richer, Louis; Simpson, Nuala H.; Smith, Shelley D.; Snowling, Margaret J.; Stein, John; Strug, Lisa J.; Talcott, Joel B.; Tiemeier, Henning; van der Schroef, Marc P.; Verhoef, Ellen; Watkins, Kate E.; Wilkinson, Margaret; Wright, Margaret J.; Barr, Cathy L.; Boomsma, Dorret I.; Carreiras, Manuel; J. Franken, Marie-Christine; Gruen, Jeffrey R.; Luciano, Michelle; Müller-Myhsok, Bertram; Newbury, Dianne F.; Olson, Richard K.; Paracchini, Silvia; Paus, Tomás; Plomin, Robert; Reilly, Sheena; Schulte-Körne, Gerd; Tomblin, J. Bruce; vanBergen, Elsje; Whitehouse, Andrew J. O.; Willcutt, Erik G.; Pourcain, Beate St; Francks, Clyde; Fisher, Simon E. (PNAS, 2022)
      The use of spoken and written language is a fundamental human capacity. Individual differences in reading- and language-related skills are influenced by genetic variation, with twin-based heritability estimates of 30 to ...
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      Gepo with a G, or Jepo with a J? Skilled Readers Generate Orthographic Expectations for Novel Spoken Words Even When Spelling is Uncertain 

      Jevtović, Mina; Antzaka, Alexia; Martin, Clara D. (WILEY, 2022)
      English-speaking children and adults generate orthographic skeletons (i.e., preliminary orthographic representations) solely from aural exposure to novel words. The present study examined whether skilled readers generate ...
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      Give me a break! Unavoidable fatigue effects in cognitive pupillometry 

      McLaughlin, Drew J.; Zink, Maggie E.; Gaunt, Lauren; Reilly, Jamie; Sommers, Mitchell S.; Van Engen, Kristin J.; Peelle, Jonathan E. (Wiley, 2023)
      Pupillometry has a rich history in the study of perception and cognition. One perennial challenge is that the magnitude of the task-evoked pupil response diminishes over the course of an experiment, a phenomenon we ...
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      Gradient Activation of Speech Categories Facilitates Listeners’ Recovery From Lexical Garden Paths, But Not Perception of Speech-in-Noise 

      Kapnoula, Efthymia C.; Edwards, Jan; McMurray, Bob (Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2021)
      Listeners activate speech-sound categories in a gradient way, and this information is maintained and affects activation of items at higher levels of processing (McMurray et al., 2002; Toscano et al., 2010). Recent ...
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      Grey Matter Reshaping of Language-Related Regions Depends on Tumor Lateralization 

      Manso-Ortega, Lucía; De Frutos-Sagastuy, Laura; Gisbert-Muñoz, Sandra; Salamon, Noriko; Qiao, Joe; Walshaw, Patricia; Quiñones, Ileana; Połczynska, Monika M. (MDPI, 2023)
      A brain tumor in the left hemisphere can decrease language laterality as assessed through fMRI. However, it remains unclear whether or not this decreased language laterality is associated with a structural reshaping of the ...
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      Group-level cortical functional connectivity patterns using fNIRS: assessing the effect of bilingualism in young infants 

      Blanco, Borja; Molnar, Monika; Carreiras, Manuel; Collins-Jones, Liam H.; Vidal, Ernesto; Cooper, Robert J.; Caballero-Gaudes, César (Neurophotonics, 2021)
      Significance: Early monolingual versus bilingual experience induces adaptations in the development of linguistic and cognitive processes, and it modulates functional activation patterns during the first months of life. ...
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      Handedness and its genetic influences are associated with structural asymmetries of the cerebral cortex in 31,864 individuals 

      Sha, Zhiqiang; Pepe, Antonietta; Schijven, Dick; Carrión-Castillo, Amaia; Roe, James M.; Westerhausen, René; Joliot, Marc; Fisher, Simon E.; Crivello, Fabrice; Francks, Clyde (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2021)
      Roughly 10% of the human population is left-handed, and this rate is increased in some brain-related disorders. The neuroanatomical correlates of hand preference have remained equivocal. We resampled structural brain ...
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      “Hazy” or “jumbled”? Putting together the pieces of the bilingual puzzle 

      García-Pentón, Lorna; Fernández García, Yuriem; Costello, Brendan; Duñabeitia, Jon Andoni; Carreiras, Manuel (Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 2016)
      Six commentaries [Bialystok, E. (2015). How hazy views become full pictures. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience. doi:10.1080/23273798.2015.1074255; de Bruin, A., & Della Sala, S. (2015) The importance of language use ...
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      Heat exposure following encoding can interfere with subsequent recognition memory 

      Cudeiro, Jesús; Soto, David ORCID; Gutiérrez, Emilio (NATURE, 2023)
      Correlational studies suggest that high temperatures may impair online cognitive performance and learning processes. Here, we tested the hypothesis that heat exposure blocks offline memory consolidation. We report two ...
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      Heritability and reliability of automatically segmented human hippocampal formation subregions 

      Whelan, Christopher D.; Hibar, Derrek P.; van Velzen, Laura S.; Zannas, Anthony S.; Carrillo-Roa, Tania; McMahon, Katie; Prasad, Gautam; Kelly, Sinéad; Faskowitz, Joshua; deZubiracay, Greig; Iglesias, Juan E.; van Erp, Theo G.M.; Frodl, Thomas; Martin, Nicholas G.; Wright, Margaret J.; Jahanshad, Neda; Schmaal, Lianne; Sämann, Philipp G.; Thompson, Paul M.; for the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (NeuroImage, 2016)
      The human hippocampal formation can be divided into a set of cytoarchitecturally and functionally distinct subregions, involved in different aspects of memory formation. Neuroanatomical disruptions within these subregions ...
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      Hierarchical levels of representation in language prediction: The influence of first language acquisition in highly proficient bilinguals 

      Molinaro, Nicola; Giannelli, Francesco; Caffarra, Sendy; Martin, Clara D. (Cognition, 2017)
      Language comprehension is largely supported by predictive mechanisms that account for the ease and speed with which communication unfolds. Both native and proficient non-native speakers can efficiently handle contextual ...
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      High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging reveals nuclei of the human amygdala: manual segmentation to automatic atlas 

      Saygin, Z.M.; Kliemann, D.; Iglesias, J.E.; van der Kouwe, A.J.W.; Boyd, E.; Reuter, M.; Stevens, A.; Van Leemput, K.; McKee, A.; Frosch, M.P.; Fischl, B.; Augustinack, J.C.; for the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (NeuroImage, 2017)
      The amygdala is composed of multiple nuclei with unique functions and connections in the limbic system and to the rest of the brain. However, standard in vivo neuroimaging tools to automatically delineate the amygdala into ...
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      Highlighting the lack of neuropsychologists and speech therapists in healthcare services towards an accurate (pre‐ and postoperative) cognitive assessment in low‐grade glioma patients 

      Manso‐Ortega, Lucia; Bermudez, Garazi; Pomposo, Iñigo; Gil‐Robles, Santiago; Miranda, Maite; Carreiras, Manuel; Quiñones, Ileana (WILEY, 2022)
      Key points Due to the slow growth of Low‐grade gliomas (LGGs), cognitive impairments can be quite difficult to detect at early stages There is a lack of staff specialized on the cognitive and emotional assessment of ...
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      Holiday or vacation? The processing of variation in vocabulary across dialects 

      Martin, Clara D.; Garcia, Xavier; Potter, Douglas; Melinger, Alissa; Costa, Albert (Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 2016)
      Native speakers with different linguistic backgrounds differ in their usage of language, and particularly in their vocabulary. For instance, British natives would use the word "holiday" when American natives would prefer ...
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      How ageing changes the mnemonic bias of visual behaviour 

      Wedmore, Florence; Musil, Sofía; Soto, David ORCID (Visual Cognition, 2017)
      Ageing is associated with deficits in cognitive control, including attention and working memory processes. However, how ageing influences the interactions between these cognitive systems is not well understood. The present ...
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      How and When Does the Second Language Influence the Production of Native Speech Sounds: A Literature Review 

      Kartushina, Natalia; Frauenfelder, Ulrich H.; Golestani, Narly (Language Learning, 2016)
      In bilinguals and second language learners, the native (L1) and nonnative (L2) languages coexist and interact. The L1 influences L2 production via forward transfer, as is seen with foreign accents. However, language ...
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      How are visual words represented? Insights from EEG-based visual word decoding, feature derivation and image reconstruction 

      Ling, Shouyu; Lee, Andy C. H.; Armstrong, Blair C.; Nestor, Adrian (Human Brain Mapping, 2019)
      Investigations into the neural basis of reading have shed light on the cortical locus and the functional role of visual-orthographic processing. Yet, the fine-grained structure of neural representations subserving reading ...
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      How Brain-Related Observations Can Be Used to Support Learners to Acquire Full Literacy? Brain-Related Research as a Support Mechanism to Help Learners to Acquire Full Literacy. 

      Lyytinen, Heikki; Louleli, Natalia (MDPI, 2023)
      Possibly some of the most important skills that one can have are those needed to become fully literate. We all wish our children to reach such a goal. Unfortunately, the focus of attention in reading research has been on ...