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dc.contributor.authorGraco- Roza, Caio
dc.contributor.authorAarnio, Sonja
dc.contributor.authorAbrego, Nerea
dc.contributor.authorAcosta, Alicia T. R.
dc.contributor.authorAlahuhta, Janne
dc.contributor.authorAltman, Jan
dc.contributor.authorAngiolini, Claudia
dc.contributor.authorAroviita, Jukka
dc.contributor.authorAttorre, Fabio
dc.contributor.authorBaastrup-Spohr, Lars
dc.contributor.authorBarrera-Alba, José J.
dc.contributor.authorBelmaker, Jonathan
dc.contributor.authorBiurrun Galarraga, Miren Idoia ORCID
dc.contributor.authorBonari, Gianmaria
dc.contributor.authorBruelheide, Helge
dc.contributor.authorBurrascano, Sabina
dc.contributor.authorCarboni, Marta
dc.contributor.authorCardoso, Pedro
dc.contributor.authorCarvalho, José C.
dc.contributor.authorCastaldelli, Giuseppe
dc.contributor.authorChristensen, Morten
dc.contributor.authorCorrea, Gilsineia
dc.contributor.authorDembicz, Iwona
dc.contributor.authorDengler, Jürgen
dc.contributor.authorDolezal, Jiri
dc.contributor.authorDomingos, Patricia
dc.contributor.authorErös, Tibor
dc.contributor.authorFerreira, Carlos E. L
dc.contributor.authorFilibeck, Goffredo
dc.contributor.authorFloeter, Sergio R.
dc.contributor.authorFriedlander, Alan M.
dc.contributor.authorGammal, Johanna
dc.contributor.authorGavioli, Anna
dc.contributor.authorGossner, Martin M.
dc.contributor.authorGranot, Itai
dc.contributor.authorGuarino, Riccardo
dc.contributor.authorGustafsson, Camilla
dc.contributor.authorHayden, Brian
dc.contributor.authorHe, Siwen
dc.contributor.authorHeilmann-Clausen, Jacob
dc.contributor.authorHeino, Jani
dc.contributor.authorHunter, John T.
dc.contributor.authorHuszar, Vera L. M.
dc.contributor.authorJanišová, Monika
dc.contributor.authorJyrkänkallio-Mikkola, Jenny
dc.contributor.authorKahilainen, Kimmo K.
dc.contributor.authorKemppinen, Julia
dc.contributor.authorKozub, Łukasz
dc.contributor.authorKruk, Carla
dc.contributor.authorKulbiki, Michel
dc.contributor.authorKuzemko, Anna
dc.contributor.authorLe Roux, Peter Christiaan
dc.contributor.authorLehikoinen, Aleksi
dc.contributor.authorTeixeira de Lima, Domênica
dc.contributor.authorLopez-Urrutia, Angel
dc.contributor.authorLukács, Balázs A.
dc.contributor.authorLuoto, Miska
dc.contributor.authorMammola, Stefano
dc.contributor.authorMarinho, Marcelo M.
dc.contributor.authorMenezes, Luciana S.
dc.contributor.authorMilardi, Marco
dc.contributor.authorMiranda, Marcela
dc.contributor.authorMoser, Gleyci A. O.
dc.contributor.authorMueller, Joerg
dc.contributor.authorNiittynen, Pekka
dc.contributor.authorNorkko, Alf
dc.contributor.authorNowak, Arkadiusz
dc.contributor.authorOmetto, Jean P.
dc.contributor.authorOvaskainen, Otso
dc.contributor.authorOverbeck, Gerhard E.
dc.contributor.authorPacheco, Felipe S.
dc.contributor.authorPajunen, Virpi
dc.contributor.authorPalpurina, Salza
dc.contributor.authorPicazo, Félix
dc.contributor.authorPrieto, Juan A. C.
dc.contributor.authorRodil, Iván F.
dc.contributor.authorSabatini, Francesco M.
dc.contributor.authorSalingré, Shira
dc.contributor.authorDe Sanctis, Michele
dc.contributor.authorSegura, Angel M.
dc.contributor.authorDa Silva, Lucia H. S.
dc.contributor.authorStevanovic, Zora D.
dc.contributor.authorSwacha, Grzegorz
dc.contributor.authorTeittinen, Anette
dc.contributor.authorTolonen, Kimmo T.
dc.contributor.authorTsiripidis, Ioannis
dc.contributor.authorVirta, Leena
dc.contributor.authorWang, Beixin
dc.contributor.authorWang, Jianjun
dc.contributor.authorWeisser, Wolfgang
dc.contributor.authorXu, Yuan
dc.contributor.authorSoininen, Janne
dc.identifier.citationGlobal Ecology and Biogeography 31(7) :1399–1421 (2022)es_ES
dc.description.abstractAim: Understanding the variation in community composition and species abundances (i.e., beta-diversity) is at the heart of community ecology. A common approach to examine beta-diversity is to evaluate directional variation in community composition by measuring the decay in the similarity among pairs of communities along spatial or environmental distance. We provide the first global synthesis of taxonomic and functional distance decay along spatial and environmental distance by analysing 148 datasets comprising different types of organisms and environments. Location: Global. Time period: 1990 to present. Major taxa studied: From diatoms to mammals. Method: We measured the strength of the decay using ranked Mantel tests (Mantel r) and the rate of distance decay as the slope of an exponential fit using generalized linear models. We used null models to test whether functional similarity decays faster or slower than expected given the taxonomic decay along the spatial and environmental distance. We also unveiled the factors driving the rate of decay across the datasets, including latitude, spatial extent, realm and organismal features. Results: Taxonomic distance decay was stronger than functional distance decay along both spatial and environmental distance. Functional distance decay was random given the taxonomic distance decay. The rate of taxonomic and functional spatial distance decay was fastest in the datasets from mid-latitudes. Overall, datasets covering larger spatial extents showed a lower rate of decay along spatial distance but a higher rate of decay along environmental distance. Marine ecosystems had the slowest rate of decay along environmental distances. Main conclusions: In general, taxonomic distance decay is a useful tool for biogeographical research because it reflects dispersal-related factors in addition to species responses to climatic and environmental variables. Moreover, functional distance decay might be a cost-effective option for investigating community changes in heterogeneous environments.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipCaio Graco-Roza was funded by the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES), the Carlos Chagas Filho Research Support Foundation (FAPERJ) and the Ella and Georg Erhnrooth Foundation; Jan Altman by research grants INTER-EXCELLENCE LTAUSA19137 provided by Czech Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports, 20-05840Y of the Czech Science Foundation, and long-term research development project no. RVO 67985939 of the Czech Academy of Sciences; Otso Ovaskainen was funded by Academy of Finland (grant no. 309581), Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation, Research Council of Norway through its Centres of Excellence Funding Scheme (223257), and the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement no. 856506; ERC-synergy project LIFEPLAN); and Jianjun Wang was funded by CAS Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences (QYZDB-SSW-DQC043) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (91851117). The "sPlot" project was initiated by sDiv, the Synthesis Centre of the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig, funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG FZT 118), and is now a platform of iDiv. The study was supported by the TRY initiative on plant traits (). We are also grateful to Jens Kattge and TRY database. TRY is hosted, developed and maintained at the Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry (MPI-BGC) in Jena, Germany, in collaboration with the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig. The CESTES database of metacommunities is also an initiative of iDiv led by Alienor Jeliazkov. We thank sDiv for supporting the open science initiative.es_ES
dc.subjectenvironmental gradientes_ES
dc.subjectspatial distancees_ES
dc.subjectbeta-diversity patternses_ES
dc.subjectspecies traitses_ES
dc.subjectlatitudinal gradientes_ES
dc.subjectassembly processeses_ES
dc.subjectscale dependencyes_ES
dc.titleDistance decay 2.0 – A global synthesis of taxonomic and functional turnover in ecological communitieses_ES
dc.rights.holder© 2022 The Authors. Global Ecology and Biogeography published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly citedes_ES
dc.rights.holderAtribución 3.0 España*
dc.contributor.funderEuropean Commission
dc.departamentoesBiología vegetal y ecologíaes_ES
dc.departamentoeuLandaren biologia eta ekologiaes_ES

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© 2022 The Authors. Global Ecology and Biogeography published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2022 The Authors. Global Ecology and Biogeography published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited