NOMA-based 802.11g/n: PHY analysis and MAC implementation
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Industry 4.0 can be considered as the industrial revolution of the current century. Among others, one of its main objectives is the replacement of wired communications by wireless connectivity. The idea is to overcome the main drawbacks of the current wired ecosystem: the lack of mobility, the deployment costs, cable damage and the difficulties with scalability. However, for this purpose, the nature and requirements of the industrial applications must be taken into account, in particular, the proposed communications protocols must support very low loss rates and a strong robustness against failures. This is a very challenging condition due to the nature of the industrial environments (interference with other communication systems, reflections with metallic objects ...). In addition, another characteristic of the industrial applications is the strict requirement related to the latency. On the other hand, industrial applications are not only based on high challenging services, but also exist more flexible requirement applications, such as, web browser, email, video content or complementary information. Those services are considered Best Effort (BE) services. Eventually, in some wireless applications both critical and BE services have to be offered. For those cases, Non-Orthogonal Multiplexing Access (NOMA) technology together with the IEEE 802.11g/n standard is proposed in this document as the physical layer solution. The IEEE 802.11g/n standard has been modified in order to accommodate NOMA schemes, and then, comprehensive simulations are conducted to check and analyze the behavior of the proposed system. It has been determined that through NOMA technology it is possible to obtain better results in certain cases than those achieved in a transmission cases that implements the IEEE 802.11g/n standard in TDM/FDM basis.