Biodegradable Polycarbonate Iongels for Electrophysiology Measurements
Hernández Aguirresarobe, Roberto
Del Agua López, Isabel
Malliaras, George G.
Mecerreyes Molero, David
Sardon Muguruza, Haritz
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Polymers 10(9) : (2018) // Article ID 989
In recent years, gels based on ionic liquids incorporated into polymer matrices, namely iongels, have emerged as long-term contact media for cutaneous electrophysiology. Iongels possess high ionic conductivity and negligible vapor pressure and can be designed on demand. In spite of the extensive efforts devoted to the preparation of biodegradable ionic liquids, the investigations related to the preparation of iongels based on biodegradable polymers remain scarce. In this work, biodegradable polycarbonate-based iongels are prepared by ring-opening polymerization of N-substituted eight ring membered cyclic carbonate monomers in the presence of imidazolium lactate ionic liquid. Our iongels are able to take up 10-30 wt % of ionic liquid and become softer materials by increasing the amount of free ionic liquid. Rheological measurements showed that the cross-over point between the storage modulus G' and loss modulus G '' occurs at lower angular frequencies when the loading of free ionic liquid increases. These gels are able to take up to 30 wt % of the ionic liquid and the ionic conductivity of these gels increased up to 5 x 10(-4) S.cm(-1) at 25 degrees C as the amount of free ionic liquid increased. Additionally, we assess the biodegradation studies of the iongels by immersing them in water. The iongels decrease the impedance with the human skin to levels that are similar to commercial Ag/AgCl electrodes, allowing an accurate physiologic signals recording. The low toxicity and biodegradability of polycarbonate-based iongels make these materials highly attractive for cutaneous electrophysiology applications.