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dc.contributor.authorRodríguez Varela, Ricardo
dc.contributor.authorMoore, Kristjan H. S.
dc.contributor.authorEbenesersdottir, S. Sunna
dc.contributor.authorKilinc, Gulsah Merve
dc.contributor.authorKjellström, Anna
dc.contributor.authorPapmehl-Dufay, Ludvig
dc.contributor.authorAlfsdotter, Clara
dc.contributor.authorBerglund, Birgitta
dc.contributor.authorAlrawi, Loey
dc.contributor.authorKashuba, Natalija
dc.contributor.authorSobrado, Verónica
dc.contributor.authorLagerholm, Vendela Kempe
dc.contributor.authorGilbert, Edmund
dc.contributor.authorCavalleri, Gianpiero L.
dc.contributor.authorHovig, Eivind
dc.contributor.authorKockum, Ingrid
dc.contributor.authorOlsson, Tomas
dc.contributor.authorAlfredsson, Lars
dc.contributor.authorHansen, Thomas F.
dc.contributor.authorWerge, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorMunters, Arielle R.
dc.contributor.authorBernhardsson, Carolina
dc.contributor.authorSkar, Birgitte
dc.contributor.authorChristophersen, Axel
dc.contributor.authorTurner-Walker, Gordon
dc.contributor.authorGopalakrishnan, Shyam
dc.contributor.authorDaskalaki, Eva
dc.contributor.authorOmrak, Ayca
dc.contributor.authorPérez Ramallo, Patxi
dc.contributor.authorSkoglund, Pontus
dc.contributor.authorGirdland-Flink, Linus
dc.contributor.authorGunnarsson, Fredrik
dc.contributor.authorHedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte
dc.contributor.authorGilbert, M. Thomas P.
dc.contributor.authorLiden, Kerstin
dc.contributor.authorJakobsson, Mattias
dc.contributor.authorEinarsson, Lars
dc.contributor.authorVictor, Helena
dc.contributor.authorKrzewinska, Maja
dc.contributor.authorZachrisson, Torun
dc.contributor.authorStora, Jan
dc.contributor.authorStefansson, Kari
dc.contributor.authorHelgason, Agnar
dc.contributor.authorGötherström, Anders
dc.identifier.citationCell 186(1) : 32-46 (2023)es_ES
dc.description.abstractScandinavia spanning the Iron Age to the present, based on 48 new and 249 published ancient genomes and genotypes from 16,638 modern individuals. We find regional variation in the timing and magnitude of gene flow from three sources: the eastern Baltic, the British-Irish Isles, and southern Europe. British-Irish ancestry was widespread in Scandinavia from the Viking period, whereas eastern Baltic ancestry is more localized to Gotland and central Sweden. In some regions, a drop in current levels of external ancestry suggests that ancient immigrants contributed proportionately less to the modern Scandinavian gene pool than indicated by the ancestry of genomes from the Viking and Medieval periods. Finally, we show that a north-south genetic cline that characterizes modern Scandinavians is mainly due to the differential levels of Uralic ancestry and that this cline existed in the Viking Age and possibly earlier.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors acknowledge support from the National Genomics Infrastructure in Stockholm funded by Science for Life Laboratory, the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation and the Swedish Research Council, and SNIC/Uppsala Multidisciplinary Center for Advanced Computational Science for assistance with massively parallel sequencing and access to the UPPMAX computational infrastructure. We used resources from projects SNIC 2022/23-132, SNIC 2022/22-117, SNIC 2022/23-163, SNIC 2022/22-299, and SNIC 2021-2-17. This research was supported by the Swedish Research Council project ID 2019-00849_VR and ATLAS (Riksbankens Jubileumsfond). Part of the modern dataset was supported by a research grant from Science Foundation Ireland (SFI), grant number 16/RC/3948, and co-funded under the European Regional Development Fund and by FutureNeuro industry partners.es_ES
dc.publisherCell Presses_ES
dc.subjectgene flowes_ES
dc.subjectScandinavian genetic structurees_ES
dc.subjectmigration periodes_ES
dc.subjecthuman population genomicses_ES
dc.titleThe genetic history of Scandinavia from the Roman Iron Age to the presentes_ES
dc.rights.holder© 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
dc.rights.holderAtribución 3.0 España*
dc.departamentoesEspecialidades médico-quirúrgicases_ES
dc.departamentoeuMedikuntza eta kirurgia espezialitateakes_ES

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© 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (