Structure dependency of the atomic-scale mechanisms of platinum electro-oxidation and dissolution
Calle Vallejo, Federico
Sandbeck, Daniel J. S.
Harrington, David A.
Magnussen, Olaf M.
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Nature Catalysis 3(9) : 754-761 (2020)
Platinum dissolution and restructuring due to surface oxidation are primary degradation mechanisms that limit the lifetime of Pt-based electrocatalysts for electrochemical energy conversion. Here, we studied well-defined Pt(100) and Pt(111) electrode surfaces by in situ high-energy surface X-ray diffraction, on-line inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, and density functional theory calculations, to elucidate the atomic-scale mechanisms of these processes. The locations of the extracted Pt atoms after Pt(100) oxidation reveal distinct differences from the Pt(111) case, which explains the different surface stability. The evolution of a specific stripe oxide structure on Pt(100) produces unstable surface atoms which are prone to dissolution and restructuring, leading to one order of magnitude higher dissolution rates